Retinal Disorder -Retinal Detachment
There are different kinds of retinal
disorders, and one of the more common forms is known
as retinal detachment. This retinal disorder
happens when your retina separates from the back layer it is attached
to. When this happens, you will experience a plethora of symptoms like
flashing lights, sudden loss of vision, blurring, shadow, or stars. The
symptoms you experience will provide your ophthalmologist with clues on
the cause of your retinal detachment.
For example, if the retinal detachment is located in the peripheral retina,
your symptom will most likely be a shadow across your vision. If it is
in your macula area, your central vision is affected which means that
you will see things in a distorted or decreased manner. You will not even
be able to read small print.
Usually, retinal detachment starts slow. Often, the cause is a tear in
the retina. Retinal tears can happen as a result of cataract eye surgery,
natural aging, myopia or nearsightedness, or an injury to the eye. Other
causes of retinal detachment are diabetes, tumors, swelling, genetics,
or growing old.
Unfortunately, retinal detachment has become a very serious problem,
especially among nearsighted people, and those who have passed the age
of 40. You can get this problem earlier is it runs in the family or have
had eye surgery.
On the other hand, if caught early, retinal detachment can be treated
and loss of vision can be prevented. However, if left untreated, this
retinal disorder will get worse because the blood supply will be affected.
If blood starts to accumulate in a blood vessel, or fluids because of
the blockage, then you are in danger of losing your sight completely.
Other than problems with your eyesight, you will not feel any pain, and
this could make you complacent and not seek medical attention and an eye
exam from an ophthalmologist. It is very important to consult with an
ophthalmologist as soon as you experience any change in your vision. A
simple eye exam could detect the retinal detachment, if this is the cause.
If not, your doctor could request for an ultrasound to be done on the
Treating this retinal condition may be done through laser eye surgery,
cryopexy which is a form of freezing, or vitrectomy which is removing
the substance, vitreous gel, that is causing the vision loss.
Retinal detachment can be treated however, there are situations when
this retinal disorder did not improve. These conditions are a damaged
macula, scarring, bleeding, or prolonged retinal detachment.