An Overview of Retinal Disorders
Retinal disorders are a range of different eye
problems which could lead to blindness. At present,
the top cause for eye problems in the United States are retinal disorders.
The retina is the part of your eyes that helps you see light, and with
that sends images to your brain. Once a problem starts with your retina,
it could disrupt the transmission of images to your brain, which would,
of course, affect your sight.
At the center of the retina is the macula. This is the nerve tissue that
controls the sharpness of the image you see. It allows you to read, drive,
and decipher fine print. When you have a retinal disorder, it is the macula
that is more affected. Some of the eye problems you can encounter when
your macula is compromised is blurred vision, headaches, swelling, dry
eyes, double vision, tearing, pain, sensitivity to light, and loss of
vision, whether partially or completely.
If you are starting to have problems with your vision, don’t hesitate
to schedule an eye exam with an ophthalmologist. An ophthalmologist
is an eye doctor, and when you see him, be prepared to tell him about
your family medical history. This is vital to determining the cause of
your vision problems. For example, if diabetes or high blood pressure
runs in your family, he will have to consider a retinal disorder.
Initially, an eye exam would mean the ophthalmologist
will put a specific kind of eye drop to dilate your eyes. He does this
so he can see the retina, and if necessary, photograph it. There is a
relatively new laser test that can be done to capture images of your retina.
It’s an optional eye test, but in some cases, your eye doctor might require
it for a better diagnosis of your problem.
Treatment for retinal disorder
will depend on your specific disorder. For instance, if the retina is
falling away from the supporting tissue or diabetes is causing complications
that affect your vision, laser eye surgery could help restore the retina.
Traditional eye surgery will help if the problem is glaucoma, which is
fluid pressure damaging the optic nerve in the eye.
Night blindness, on the other hand, can be treated with Vitamin A, if
it is at the early stages. Color blindness, which is mainly hereditary,
has no effective treatment. Thus, eye surgery will not be able to help
because it is a genetic trait. The only solution would be to practice
distinguishing color from the change in shade or brightness.
A retinal treatment disorder is a serious condition, and should be probed
as soon as you notice a constant difference in your vision, however slight.
It’s always better to be on the safe side, and have your eyes checked,
rather than wait.